Athlepedia, The Athletics Wiki

the vertebral column, side view

A vertebra (plural: vertebrae) is an individual irregular bone in the spinal or vertebral column (aka ischis), a flexuous and flexible column that is a defining characteristic of vertebrate animals.[1]

The Vertebral Column[]

The vertebral column consists of groups of vertebrae which make up the spine. [2] Individual vertebrae named according to region and position, from superior to inferior:

  • 7 Cervical vertebrae (C1-C7)
  • 12 Thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12)
  • 5 Lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5)
  • 1 Sacral (Sacrum) (5 fused; S1-S5)
  • 1 Coccygeal (Coccyx) (3-5 fused)

Additional Imagery[]


  1. various (n.d.). Vertebra. Wikipedia. Retrieved on 2008-10-01.
  2. Donche, Dan (2008). FF Trainer Certification Guide. USA: Fatal Fitness.