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Heart rate (HR) is the rate at which the heart beats expressed in beats per minute (BPM). [1] Heart rate, along with stroke volume, is a primary determinant of cardiac output.[2]

See Also[]


  1. Donche, Dan (2008). FF Trainer Certification Guide. USA: Fatal Fitness. 
  2. Brookes, Douglas S. (2004). The Complete Book of Personal Training. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 288-289.