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Dyspnea is defined as diffulty in breathing or shorness of breath. [1][2] It is often attributed to vigorous exercise, anxiety, or heart and lung conditions.[3]


  1. American Heritage Medical Dictionary (2007). Dyspnea. Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved on 2008-10-01.
  2. unk. (n.d.). Respiratory Disorders Glossary. Retrieved on 2008-10-01.
  3. Mosby's Dictionary of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2005). Dyspnea. Elsevier. Retrieved on 2008-10-01.