|Motor coordination (sometimes called hand-eye coordination) is the coordinated functioning of muscles or groups of muscles in the execution of a complex task. Coordination itself, however, is a global system made up of several synergistic elements and not necessarily a singularly defined ability. Coordination is, in essence, the ability to integrate all the components of fitness so that effective movements are achieved. Rhythm, spatial orientation and the ability to react to both auditory and visual stimulus have also been identified as elements of coordination.
Motor coordination can be broken into two components: gross motor coordination and fine motor coordination. Gross motor coordination refers to gross motor skills, such as walking, running, climbing, jumping, etc. Fine motor coordination refers to fine motor skills, such as drawing, writing, typing, etc..
In reference to athletic performance, gross motor coordination may entail more complex movements than simply walking, jumping, or running. Athletic coordination is the ability to combine several distinct movement patterns into a singular distinct movement.